Talisker Distillery History
Hugh and Kenneth MacAskill founded Talisker Distillery in 1830. They took the lease on Talisker House and farmland, owned by the head of Clan MacLeod, John MacLeod of Dunvegan Castle, and set up the distillery to diversify their income. Hugh MacAskill worked as a ‘tacksman’ through the 1820’s and 30’s for Laird MacLeod – collecting rents and clearing the land of the families that comprised the tiny scattered townships and small farm holdings.
Clearance and Temperance
Like Clynelish, Talisker is a clearance distillery – sheep farming and whisky were far more profitable than the taxes collected off the human inhabitants. Once evicted, the crofters (small farm renters) were expected to move into the newly formed townships of Carbost and Portnalog, else leave Skye, and in some cases, leave Scotland altogether. Some were able to find work in the new distillery, but those that remained mostly did so in poverty
Clearance activities aside, the MacAskill’s distillery initially had a strong local market, and Talisker whisky developed an excellent reputation. Talisker was a favourite tipple of Scottish writer Robert Louis Stevenson, which he immortalised in the poem The Scotsman’s Return from Abroad – “The king o’ drinks, as I conceive it, Talisker, Isla, or Glenlivet!”
The MacAskill’s prowess as farmers and distillers aided them through many years of poor weather and bad harvests. However, farming and distilling expertise was of no help as the Temperance Movement took off, and the consumption of spirits in Scotland fell. By 1848 the distillery had been seized by the North of Scotland Bank.
Fraud and Frustration
Donald MacLennan took on the lease in 1857, but he was bankrupt by 1863. Anderson & Co took control in 1867, but Mr Anderson was found guilty of fraud in 1879. He’d advised merchants that their whisky was in bonded storage when it wasn’t.
Alexander Grigor Allan and Roderick Kemp & Co. acquired Talisker in 1880 and commenced the petitioning of their landlord for the construction of a pier. One of the biggest difficulties for the distillery was (and likely still is) its remote location, which was made worse by the grave difficulty in accessing it. There was no pier until 1900. The landlord, then Norman MacLeod of Dunvegan, refused to build one, so the casks had to be floated 300-400 yards out to ships in Loch Harport. Likewise, any supplies such as barley or fresh casks towed in.
The refusal to build a pier put many lives and the cargo at risk, as the boats would often arrive at night, and in stormy seas. It was a great source of frustration to the new owners, to the point where Kemp sold his share of the business to Allan in 1892 and went off to buy Macallan Distillery.
In 1894 Allan formed the Talisker Distillery Company, which subsequently merged with Dailuaine-Glenlivet Distillers and Imperial Distillers. They would form Daluaine-Talisker in 1898.
A New Century and a New Beginning
Talisker Distillery was now in the hands of Thomas Mackenzie who had successfully overseen the enlargement of Dailuaine. In 1900 he proceeded to upgrade Talisker, building the pier, a connecting tramway to the distillery and distillery workers houses. Notably, Laird Norman MacLeod had died in 1895 – the works approved under the lordship of his son Norman Magnus MacLeod.
Thomas Mackenzie died in 1915, which coincided with a decline in the overall whisky trade, fixed pricing on blended whisky, and World War 1. These trying times lead to the merger of many smaller distilleries trying to pool resources to stay alive. In 1916 a consortium of distilleries including John Dewar & Sons Ltd, DCL, and John Walker & Sons Ltd purchased Dailuaine-Talisker Distilleries.
In 1925 Talisker Distillery was brought fully under the DCL fold as a wholly owned subsidiary. 1925-1928 also saw a significant process change at Talisker, in that they moved from Triple to Double distillation.
DCL would eventually go on to form Diageo, the current owners of Talisker Distillery.
How To Pronounce Talisker
Where is Talisker Distillery
- Talisker Distillery is located in the town of Carbost, on the Isle of Skye, north-west Scotland (Post Code IV47 8SR – GPS 57.302107, -6.353981).
- A car is by far the easiest way of getting to Talisker. Ensure you enter ‘Talisker Distillery’ and NOT simply ‘Talisker’ into a navigation system. Talisker Distillery is located in the town of Carbost, not in the region of Talisker. You’ll end up 4-5 miles out of the way if you go to Talisker.
- If bus is your only option, the 608 from Portree to Fiskavaig stops at Talisker Distillery 2-3 times a day Monday to Friday (varies), however these are spaced well apart so you’ll need to plan accordingly. There is only 1 bus on Saturday and no buses on Sundays.
- Taxis are another option, such as Skye Magical Tours
Talisker Distillery Tours and Bookings
BOOKINGS ARE ESSENTIAL! Talisker receives around 70,000 tourists a year, and they are also the only main attraction on Skye that’s undercover. It rains a lot on Skye, and it is not a big distillery. Don’t be upset with the staff if they are already booked out. Book in advance and save disappointment. For health and safety reasons, the distillery does not permit children under eight years in the production areas.
Talisker Classic Tour: £10 Per Person, 45 minutes duration. Includes a tasting of Talisker 12 Year Old Whisky and a voucher for £5 redeemable on a 700ml purchase. Book Online Here. In summer, Classic Tours run every hour (from 10:00 am to 4:00 pm), but there are only 16 persons maximum on each tour, so they book out quickly.
Talisker Whisky and Chocolate Tour: £30 Per Person, 90 minutes duration, runs at noon on weekdays. Includes a guided tour, additional whisky tastings and paired chocolates. Book Online Here
Talisker Tasting Tour: £45 Per Person, 120 minutes duration, 1:30 pm weekdays April to October. For Talisker Connoisseurs: includes five tastings of Talisker Single Malt Whisky (which will likely include the 18 year old and the 25 year old). You also get to keep your tasting glass. Book Online Here
Online bookings close 48 hours in advance, otherwise give them a call on the day (or the day before) to secure a spot.
Useful Visitor Information
- The little coffee shop across the road from the distillery (Caora Dhubh Coffee Company) does rather good cakes, slices and coffee.
- If you’ve had a few too many tasty drams and need to hang around Carbost for a bit, or, you caught the bus and have a few hours to kill, check out the Oyster Shed on the road behind the distillery
- Talisker Distillery is in Carbost, Skye not Talisker, Skye. Save yourself the confusion and follow the signs to Carbost.
- As with all Diageo distilleries, photos are not allowed in production areas, which is most of the distillery. No, it’s not because they think you’ll try and steal their ideas or equipment design! Ethanol is highly flammable, and electronic equipment poses a potential source of ignition. As such, they’ve implemented a policy on all their sites – no electronic devices to be in use in production areas, or where ethanol is likely to be in higher concentrations (like warehouses).
What Else Is Nearby
While there were initially seven registered distilleries on Skye, Talisker was the only distillery still operating, until recently:
Even though the Talisker Distillery has a sea-side location, their warehousing is no longer on site, and the spirit is shipped off in tankers for filling near Glasgow. As Ralfy notes below, Talisker whiskies are not so maritime anymore. They also often contain chill-filtered and can contain e150a caramel. You can still find some good ones though, and the Talisker 25 year-old is especially to my liking.
Talisker Distillery Images
Worm Tubs and Kinky Wash Stills
The wash stills at Talisker are unusual, in that the lyne arm (pipe leading from the top of the still) is ‘swan-necked’, with 90 deg turns forming inverse U shapes. The wash still lyne arms bend before entering the wall, and then again outside before entering the worm tubs (see pictures below). Furthermore, at the point where the lyne arm goes into the wall, a purifier pipe returns some of the spirit vapour back to the bulbous wash still for redistillation.
The combination of bulbous wash stills (lots of reflux/greater copper contact/purity) and lyne arm kinks (increased copper contact) would usually result in a ‘light’ spirit. However, Talisker’s continued use of worm-tubs (versus more modern shell and tube condensers) means less exposure overall to copper, than many other distilleries. Therefore, much of the sulphur remains, resulting in the ‘heavy’, peppery, slightly sulphurous characteristics for which Talisker is known.
An Odd Ratio
Talisker Distillery has three Spirit/Low Wines stills, yet only two Wash Stills. Most distilleries have a 1:1 ratio Spirit Still: Wash Still, although distilleries like Springbank Distillery run with an uneven number as they distill more than twice. Springbank distills their signature whisky Springbank 2.5 times, and Hazelburn 3 times. On his visit to Talisker in 1887, Alfred Barnard noted that there were three stills. Three stills would make sense as Talisker was triple distilled until 1928. For some unknown reason, during upgrades and refurbishments since then, the number of stills remained ‘odd’ even though triple distillation no longer occurred.
In 1960 a Stillman accidentally left one of the Spirit Still covers off. As the still began to heat up, it spewed its flammable contents out through the opening and onto the flaming coals below. Consequently, a fire erupted and ripped through the still house, destroying the stills, though surprisingly the worm tubs were undamaged. The stills were rebuilt again using coal fire as the heat source, but in 1972 this was upgraded to internal steam coil heating. Also in 1972, the malt floors were demolished and the malted barley acquired from Glen Ord, as it is today.